Sokolović family

Period XVI vijeka u ruđanskom kraju obilježila je porodica Sokolović, koja potiče iz istoimenog sela Sokolovići udaljenog 4 km od Rudog, sa desne strane regionalnog puta koji od Rudog vodi ka Sarajevu.

Tri ličnosti vezuju se za ovo područje:
1. Mehmed Sokolović, visoki činovnik i veliki vezir Osmanskog carstva 1565 – 1579;
2. Mustafa Sokolović, bosanski sandžak-beg i budimski begler-beg osnivač kasabe Rudo 1555. godine;
3. Makarije Sokolović, srpski patrijarh obnovljene Pećke patrijaršije (1557 -1571).

Za Mustafu Sokolovića pretpostavlja se da je sinovac velikog vezira Mehmeda, a za Makarija nas tradicija uvjerava da je brat, a istorijski izvori da je njegov najbliži srodnik.

Mehmed pasha Sokolović

His family belonged to the order of the small village nobility and, according to the religious affiliation, were Orthodox Christians. His father's name was Dimitrije, and his mother's name remained unknown. At the baptism, the boy was given the name Bajo. According to the Serbian tradition, Dimitrije had three more sons, and according to the Turkish tradition, he had two more sons and one daughter. Except from Dimitrije, as the Turkish source testifies, his brother lived in the same village, with four sons and two daughters. He also had the closest relatives in the nearby village of Ravanci. Interesting is the story of the birth of little Bajo, which is passed from generation to generation.
While she was still carrying her son in her arms, Baja's mother, according to the story, on the eve of Christmas, dreamt that “a pine sprouted from her womb, the world on its branches."
When she told it to her father-in-law, who, according to the custom, was supposed to read the ceremony on that day, the old man bent his head and told her, "God bless, let it be happy, my daughter-in-law, but it is difficult that you give birth to the lord of the land."
Bajo studied in Mileševa, where his uncle (according to the Venetian and Turkish tradition) was a monk. Since he had brothers, the boy was probably planned for this call. First, he was a pupil at the monastery, and when he finished studing, he was the cantinier (he responded during church liturgy) and as he himself spoke to the Venetian ambassador at the age of eighteen, he was taken from the church to the janissaries. The Ottomans did not purchase the janissaries by chance, but they chose small nobility and wise people who stood out by knowledge and skill. 
At the time of reign of Sultan Suleyman, Ješildže Mehmed bey was given a task to buy janissaries in Bosnia. So he came to Sokolovići. It is not known for sure whether the young Bajo accidentally found himself at home or bey, when he found out what kind of son Dimitrije had,  had sent for the young man in the Mileševa monastery. The family opposed heavily to this, even begged the monk (Bajo's uncle) to give ransom in gold for Baja, but nothing helped. The young man, together with about forty boys, was taken to Jedrene (the former capital) where Sultan Suleyman was.
Converted to Mehmed, Sokolović received his first education in Jedrene Imperial Palace (court).
In six centuries long history of the Ottoman Empire, during the reign of thirty-six sultans, 210 large viziers changed on the power. However, Turkish historians agree that only one of them deserves the epithet of the greatest. That is Mehmed pasha Sokolović, a Serb from Bosnia, from place called Sokolovići, near Rudo.

Veliki vezir Mehmed paša Sokolović


In Ravanci, there is still a legend about the birth house of Radojica, who later became Mehmed pasha Sokolović. From the walls of the house in which Radojica was born, grew a hawthorn, a huge tree unique in that region. No one could cut this shrub. According to legend, a long time ago, one of the ancestors of today's Kiridžićs had cut this shrub and his arms were shaking for twenty years. Even the water, which cuts like a lightning, no one can undermine, because the same could happen. According to the legend, on that water, Radojica's mother was bathing him, and hence the belief that water should not be stirred or undermined.

Makarije Sokolović

Makarije Sokolović was the first patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church after it was reestablished as the Peć Patriarchy in 1557. He withdrew from the throne in 1571 and died in 1574. The area of patriarchy included, besides the countries of Emperor Dušan and Uroš Nemanjić, the areas of Bačka, Banat, Baranja, Srem, Slavonia, Bosanska Krajina, Bosnia, Lika, Krbava and Dalmatia and had more than forty eparchies.
The Peć Patriarchy functioned until 1766, when it was abolished again and this area was subordinated to the Constantinople Patriarchy. Patriarch Makarije were given by the sultan the same privileges which the patriarch of Constantinople had: the management of church property, the charge of church taxes, the inheritance of the property of those who died without successor, the confirmation of the rules of all the guild organizations, the trial in marital disputes and cases of a criminal nature.
During the rule of patriarch Makarije, the monasteries Banja near Priboj, Gracanica, Studenica, Peć Patriarchy and Budisavci in Kosovo were restored. Iconography, tool manufacture and copywriting activities were revived in the monasteries. Art, literature and the whole Serbian culture experienced a kind of Renaissance at that period.
Due to illness, he withdrew from the throne in 1571, handing over the patriarchal throne to his son, Antonio Sokolović. The Serbian Orthodox Church celebrates him as a saint on 30th August,  according to the Julian, and on 12th September, according to the Gregorian calendar.
According to the tradition, Mehmed pasha Sokolović's father converted to Islam, while his mother remained in the Christianity. For this reason, Bajo Sokolović built and dedicated the mosque to his father, and not far from it, at a place that is still called Crkvine, he built a church for his mother.